How to Be Archaeology Surveyor - Job Description, Skills, and Interview Questions
Steps How to Become
- Earn a Bachelors Degree. A bachelors degree in archaeology, anthropology, or a related field is required to become an archaeology surveyor. Students should expect to take courses in archaeology, cultural anthropology, historical geography, and physical anthropology.
- Gain Field Experience. Field experience is a must for anyone considering a career as an archaeology surveyor. This experience can be gained through internships, volunteer work, and part-time jobs.
- Obtain Certification. In most states, archaeology surveyors must be licensed or certified. Requirements vary by state, but in many cases, candidates must pass a written exam and have a certain amount of field experience.
- Pursue Additional Education. The continued education of an archaeology surveyor is essential, as the field is constantly evolving. Archaeology surveyors should stay up to date on the latest technology and techniques used in the field.
- Network. Networking is an important part of any career in archaeology. Joining professional associations and attending conferences is a great way to meet other professionals in the field and learn about new opportunities.
In order to stay ahead and competent as an archaeology surveyor, it is essential to stay up-to-date with the latest trends and technologies in the field. Keeping abreast of the latest developments in archaeological survey techniques, software, and technology can help surveyors remain competitive and successful. attending professional development seminars, workshops, and conferences can help surveyors gain insight into the industry and learn about new techniques, tools, and methods.
Finally, networking with other professionals to share ideas and experiences as well as forming relationships with mentors can provide invaluable support and guidance. All of these actions can help an archaeology surveyor stay ahead and remain competent in their field.
- Field Surveyor: Responsible for conducting archaeological surveys in the field, including mapping sites and recording data.
- Excavation Supervisor: Oversees excavations, ensuring that archaeological artifacts are handled safely and that the site is properly documented.
- Artifact Analysis: Analyzes artifacts and other materials to determine their significance and relevance to the study of history and culture.
- Archaeological Illustrator: Creates drawings and illustrations of artifacts and sites for research and publication.
- Laboratory Technician: Assists researchers in the lab in preparing, processing, and analyzing artifacts.
- Archaeological Database Manager: Creates, maintains, and updates databases with archaeological information.
- Geospatial Analyst: Analyzes satellite imagery and other geospatial data to locate and identify archaeological sites.
- Museum Curator: Collects, preserves, and displays artifacts in museums or educational institutions.
Skills and Competencies to Have
- Knowledge of archaeological methods, theories, and practices.
- Proficiency in survey equipment, such as GPS, magnetometry, and remote sensing.
- Ability to interpret aerial photographs and satellite images.
- Excellent research and report writing skills.
- Strong organizational and record-keeping skills.
- Ability to work independently and as part of a team.
- Knowledge of relevant laws and regulations related to archaeology.
- Good communication and interpersonal skills.
- Ability to work in challenging environmental conditions.
- Physical fitness and strength to carry out fieldwork activities.
Archaeology surveyors must possess a variety of skills in order to be successful in their field. Critical among these is the ability to effectively interpret and analyze data from various sources. This includes the ability to analyze archaeological evidence, interpret artifacts, and draw conclusions based on the evidence.
surveyors must have detailed knowledge of the local geography and terrain in order to effectively conduct field surveys. Furthermore, archaeological surveyors must have excellent problem solving and decision-making skills, as well as the ability to work independently and collaboratively with other professionals. All of these skills are necessary in order for archaeology surveyors to accurately assess archaeological sites and uncover important information about the past.
Frequent Interview Questions
- What experience do you have in surveying archaeological sites?
- How would you approach surveying a new archaeological site?
- What would you do if the survey results dont match the expected results?
- How would you go about accurately measuring and recording archaeological features?
- What techniques do you use to ensure accuracy in your surveying?
- How do you stay up to date with the latest surveying techniques?
- What methods do you use for analyzing and interpreting data collected during a survey?
- Describe a time when you had to use problem-solving skills to complete a survey.
- How do you prioritize tasks when surveying multiple sites at the same time?
- What is the most challenging aspect of surveying archaeological sites, and how do you overcome it?
Common Tools in Industry
- Total Station. A precise survey instrument used to measure angles and distances in order to map coordinates. (eg: used to survey archaeological sites)
- GPS Receiver. A device used to receive signals from GPS satellites and convert them into geographic coordinates. (eg: used to accurately record archaeological finds)
- GIS Software. Software used for collecting, analyzing, and managing geographic data. (eg: used to create detailed maps of archaeological sites)
- Magnetometer. An instrument used to measure the intensity and direction of magnetic fields. (eg: used to detect buried features such as walls or ditches)
- Ground Penetrating Radar. A tool used to detect subsurface features and structures. (eg: used to identify anomalies in the ground such as burial mounds)
- Drones. Unmanned aerial vehicles used for aerial imaging and mapping. (eg: used to create 3D models of archaeological sites)
- Laser Scanner. A device used to measure distances and create point clouds of physical objects. (eg: used to generate 3D images of archaeological sites)
- 3D Modeling Software. Software used to create 3D models and visualizations of physical objects. (eg: used to visualize archaeological finds)
Professional Organizations to Know
- American Cultural Resources Association (ACRA)
- Society for American Archaeology (SAA)
- Society for Historical Archaeology (SHA)
- Institute of Field Archaeologists (IFA)
- World Archaeological Congress (WAC)
- National Council for Preservation Education (NCPE)
- Society of Professional Archaeologists (SOPA)
- International Council on Monuments and Sites (ICOMOS)
- Association of Professional Archaeologists (APA)
- Association for Environmental Archaeology (AEA)
Common Important Terms
- Excavation. Digging into the ground to uncover archaeological remains.
- Stratigraphy. The study of layers of soil and sediment in order to interpret past environments and human activity.
- Context. The relationship of artifacts to each other and the surrounding environment.
- Survey. A systematic examination of an area to identify and record archaeological sites and artifacts.
- Geophysics. The use of specialized instruments to measure subsurface features, such as magnetic fields and electrical resistance.
- Mapping. The use of mapping techniques to create a record of the archaeological features in a given area.
- Chronology. The relative and absolute dating of material culture to establish a timeline for the past.
- Artifact. A unique object made or modified by humans that can provide insight into past cultures.
- Feature. An archaeological element that does not consist of artifacts but is still related to past human activities, such as pits or postholes.
- Report Writing. The preparation of a written document summarizing the results of an archaeological survey or excavation.
Frequently Asked Questions
What is Archaeology Surveyor?
Archaeology Surveyor is a software suite used to record and analyze archaeological data. It includes tools for mapping, recording, and managing archaeological data, as well as analyzing the data and creating reports.
What features does Archaeology Surveyor offer?
Archaeology Surveyor offers a variety of features, including GIS mapping tools, field survey tools, artifact recording tools, report generation tools, and statistical analysis tools.
What types of data can be recorded with Archaeology Surveyor?
Archaeology Surveyor can record data such as artifact locations, stratigraphic information, soil types, site boundaries, and cultural features.
How long has Archaeology Surveyor been in use?
Archaeology Surveyor has been in use since 1997 and is widely used by archaeologists around the world.
What platforms does Archaeology Surveyor support?
Archaeology Surveyor is available for Windows and Mac operating systems.
What are jobs related with Archaeology Surveyor?
- Field Supervisor
- Archaeology Photographer
- Archaeology Conservator
- Archaeology Educator
- Archaeological Survey :: University at Buffalo:: archaeologicalsurvey.buffalo.edu
- Home - Arkansas Archeological Survey archeology.uark.edu
- Oklahoma Archeological Survey - University of Oklahoma www.ou.edu